Linux: Instructions for using the File System command on Linux (Part 1)


Utilities support

  • The fdisk family: These programs (fdisk, cfdisk, and sfdisk) are text-mode tools that can handle MBR
  • GPT fdisk: This family (gdisk, cgdisk, and sgdisk) is modelled after the fdisk family but works on GPT disks


  • mount command: to manually attach the device onto a directory location, or mount point


umount command: detaches the mentioned file system(s) from the file hierachy

mount command without parameter be used to view currently mounted file system, the mount points, and options

mount command with -a option will apply mounting stored in /etc/fstab

  • Edit /etc/fstab file

File system specifier: For disk-based file system, either a device file name, a file system label specification

Mount options: A comma-separated list of options that can be used to control mount’s bahavior

Dump frequency: If the dump backup utility is used, the number in this field controls dump’s handling of the specified file system

File system check order: Controls the order in which the file system checker fsck checks the integrity of the file systems

  • blkid command
  • The blkid command displays available attributes such as its universally unique identifier (UUID), file system type, or volume label
  • df command
  • df command reports the amount of available disk space being used by file systems
  • du command
  • du command: short for disk usage, is used to estimate file space usage
  • Format file systems
  • fdisk command: Check information of hard disk and partition
  • How to create new partition
    • [hard_disk]: disk you want to create new partition
    • Enter m to open action table
    • Enter n to add a new partition
    • Enter w to save configure
  • How to delete partition
    • Enter m to open action table
    • Enter d to choose delete action
    • Enter number of partition you want to delete
    • Enter w to save configure
  • partprobe command
  • partprobe is a program that informs the operating system kernel of partition table changes, by requesting that the operating system re-load the partition table

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